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Città oasi dell'Oman. Per un recupero sostenibile di insediamenti tradizionali in terra

Sostenibile come la Sabbia, Università degli Studi Mediterranea di Reggio Calabria, 27.04.2011

Organized by Dr Consuelo Nava within the 5th year "Sustainable Architectural Design" module, this invited lecture offered the opportunity to present two research projects Dr Giamila Quattrone have worked on, alongside Professor Soumyen Bandyopadhyay, for the documentation and heritage management of traditional oasis settlements in Oman.

Following a social, cultural and economic outline of Oman, Dr Quattrone illustrated the geographical framework of the two research projects, explaining how the combined action of hydrography and topography has determined differing settlement, dwelling and agriculture patterns in oasis towns of the Coastal Region and the Interior. An integral part of settlements is the traditional irrigation system, the aflaj - a network of subterranean and open air channels - with its distinctive constructional methods and relationship to agricultural land and settlement.

She then focused on fieldwork methodology and results. The key settlements of Barkat al-Mawz, a small oasis town of the Interior - Harat as-Saybani, al-Wadi and Burj al-Makaseer - were presented in their built and natural aspects. Private as well as communal spaces, buildings and facilities, house spatial organization, architectural and decorative features, as well as building elements and materials were described as resulting from the interplay of a variety of factors, including topography, defense, agriculture, culture, religion, tribal organization and gender-based daily routines.

Dr Quattrone in conversation with Dr Nava and Prof Ginex
Dr Giamila Quattrone in conversation with Dr Consuelo Nava and Prof Gaetano Ginex. Photo: Alessia Palermiti, 2011

Dr Quattrone lecturing
Dr Giamila Quattrone lecturing. Photos: Alessia Palermiti, 2011

Sostenibile come la Sabbia